IHR Publications

To see Publications by Investigator, please visit our Investigator pages.

2016 Publications

Adams AS, Bayliss EA, Schmittdiel JA, Altschuler A, Dyer W, Neugebauer R, Jaffe M, Young JD, Kim E, Grant RW, Diabetes Telephone Study Team. The Diabetes Telephone Study: Design and challenges of a pragmatic cluster randomized trial to improve diabetic peripheral neuropathy treatment. Clin Trials. 2016;13(3):286-293. PMID: 27034455.

Adams SV, Burnett-Hartman AN, Karnopp A, Bansal A, Cohen SA, Warren-Mears V, Ramsey SD. Cancer Stage in American Indians and Alaska Natives Enrolled in Medicaid. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51(3):368-372. PMID: 27020318.

Albright K, Walker T, Baird S, Eres L, Farnsworth T, Fier K, Kervitsky D, Korn M, Lederer DJ, McCormick M, Steiner JF, Vierzba T, Wamboldt FS, Swigris JJ. Seeking and sharing: why the pulmonary fibrosis community engages the web 2.0 environment. BMC Pulm Med. 2016;16(1):4. PMID: 26754048.

Bartels K, Binswanger IA, Hopfer CJ. Sources of Prescription Opioids for Nonmedical Use. J Addict Med. 2016;10(2):134. PMID: 26985647.

Bartels K, Mayes LM, Dingmann C, Bullard KJ, Hopfer CJ, Binswanger IA. Opioid Use and Storage Patterns by Patients after Hospital Discharge following Surgery. PLoS One. 2016;11(1):e0147972. 
PMID: 26824844.

Bayliss EA, McQuillan DB, Ellis JL, Maciejewski ML, Zeng C, Barton MB, Boyd CM, Fortin M, Ling SM, Tai-Seale M, Ralston JD, Ritchie CS, Zulman DM. Using Electronic Health Record Data to Measure Care Quality for Individuals with Multiple Chronic Medical Conditions. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016;64(9):1839-1844. PMID: 27385077.

Bayliss EA, Powers JD, Ellis JL, Barrow JC, Strobel M, Beck A. Applying Sequential Analytic Methods to Self-Reported Information to Anticipate Care Needs. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2016;4(1):1258. PMID: 27563684.

Behrens TK, Osman R, Whitney P, Carpenter D, Tucker E, Field J, Kelly C. A Profile of Active Transportation in Colorado Public Schools, 2014-2015. J Community Health. 2016;Aug 19 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27540736.

Binswanger IA, Blatchford PJ, Forsyth SJ, Stern MF, Kinner SA. Epidemiology of Infectious Disease-Related Death After Release from Prison, Washington State, United States, and Queensland, Australia: A Cohort Study. Public Health Rep. 2016;131(4):574-582. PMID: 27453602.

Binswanger IA, Gordon AJ. From risk reduction to implementation: Addressing the opioid epidemic and continued challenges to our field. Subst Abus. 2016;37(1):1-3. PMID: 26820257.

Binswanger IA, Stern MF, Yamashita TE, Mueller SR, Baggett TP, Blatchford PJ. Clinical risk factors for death after release from prison in Washington State: a nested case-control study. Addiction. 2016;111(3):499-510. PMID: 26476210.

Boggs JM, Dickman Portz J, King DK, Wright LA, Helander K, Retrum JH, Gozansky WS. Perspectives of LGBTQ Older Adults on Aging in Place: A Qualitative Investigation. J Homosex. 2016. PMID: 27732524.

Brown J, Beaulieu N, Curtis L, Raebel MA, Haynes K, Workgroup Leaders. Sentinel Common Data Model v6.0. 2016.Available from: https://www.sentinelinitiative.org/sentinel/data/distributed-database-common-data-model/106.

Burnett-Hartman AN, Mehta SJ, Zheng Y, Ghai NR, McLerran DF, Chubak J, Quinn VP, Skinner CS, Corley DA, Inadomi JM, Doubeni CA, Consortium P. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening Across Healthcare Systems. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51(4):e107-115. PMID: 27050413.

Calcaterra SL, Drabkin AD, Leslie SE, Doyle R, Koester S, Frank JW, Reich JA, Binswanger IA. The hospitalist perspective on opioid prescribing: A qualitative analysis. J Hosp Med. 2016;11(8):536-542. PMID: 27157317.

Chubak J, Garcia MP, Burnett-Hartman AN, Zheng Y, Corley DA, Halm EA, Singal AG, Klabunde CN, Doubeni CA, Kamineni A, Levin TR, Schottinger JE, Green BB, Quinn VP, Rutter CM, Prospr Consortium. Time to Colonoscopy after Positive Fecal Blood Test in Four U.S. Health Care Systems. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2016;25(2):344-350. PMID: 26843520.

Chubak J, Ziebell R, Greenlee RT, Honda S, Hornbrook MC, Epstein M, Nekhlyudov L, Pawloski PA, Ritzwoller DP, Ghai NR, Feigelson HS, Clancy HA, Doria-Rose VP, Kushi LH. The Cancer Research Network: a platform for epidemiologic and health services research on cancer prevention, care, and outcomes in large, stable populations. Cancer Causes Control. 2016;27(11):1315-1323. PMID: 27639398.

Clarke C, Wrenn M, Burniece K, Feigelson HS. Rapid Case Ascertainment:Two Algorithms to Identify Newly Diagnosed Cancer. J Patient-Centered Res Rev. 2016;3(3):167-228. Available from:http://digitalrepository.aurorahealthcare.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1413&context=jpcrr.

Clarke CL, Feigelson HS. Developing an Algorithm to Identify History of Cancer Using Electronic Medical Records. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2016;4(1):1209. PMID: 27195308.

Coleman KJ, Stewart C, Waitzfelder BE, Zeber JE, Morales LS, Ahmed AT, Ahmedani BK, Beck A, Copeland LA, Cummings JR, Hunkeler EM, Lindberg NM, Lynch F, Lu CY, Owen-Smith AA, Trinacty CM, Whitebird RR, Simon GE. Racial-Ethnic Differences in Psychiatric Diagnoses and Treatment Across 11 Health Care Systems in the Mental Health Research Network. Psychiatr Serv. 2016;67(7):749-757. 
PMID: 27079987.

Daley MF, Goddard K, McClung M, Davidson A, Weiss G, Palen T, Nyirenda C, Platt R, Courtney B, Reichman ME. Using a Handheld Device for Patient Data Collection: A Pilot for Medical Countermeasures Surveillance. Public Health Rep. 2016;131(1):30-34. PMID: 26843667.

Duffy J, Weintraub E, Hambidge SJ, Jackson LA, Kharbanda EO, Klein NP, Lee GM, Marcy SM, Nakasato CC, Naleway A, Omer SB, Vellozzi C, DeStefano F, Vaccine Safety Datalink. Febrile Seizure Risk After Vaccination in Children 6 to 23 Months. Pediatrics. 2016;138(1). PMID: 27273711.

Finlay AK, Harris AH, Rosenthal J, Blue-Howells J, Clark S, McGuire J, Timko C, Frayne SM, Smelson D, Oliva E, Binswanger I. Receipt of pharmacotherapy for opioid use disorder by justice-involved U.S. Veterans Health Administration patients. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016;160:222-226. PMID: 26832998.

Finlay AK, Smelson D, Sawh L, McGuire J, Rosenthal J, Blue-Howells J, Timko C, Binswanger I, Frayne S, Blodgett JC, Bowe T, Clark SC, Harris AHS. Veterans Justice Outreach Program: Connecting justice-involved veterans with Veterans Health Administration mental health and substance use disorder treatmentCriminal Justice Policy Review. 2016;27(2):203-222.

Frank JW, Levy C, Calcaterra SL, Hoppe JA, Binswanger IA. Naloxone Administration in US Emergency Departments, 2000-2011. J Med Toxicol. 2016;12(2):148-156. PMID: 26621354.

Frank JW, Levy C, Matlock DD, Calcaterra SL, Mueller SR, Koester S, Binswanger IA. Patients' Perspectives on Tapering of Chronic Opioid Therapy: A Qualitative Study. Pain Med. 2016. PMID: 27207301

Gaudet MM, Barrdahl M, Lindstrom S, Travis RC, Auer PL, Buring JE, Chanock SJ, Eliassen AH, Gapstur SM, Giles GG, Gunter M, Haiman C, Hunter DJ, Joshi AD, Kaaks R, Khaw KT, Lee IM, Le Marchand L, Milne RL, Peeters PH, Sund M, Tamimi R, Trichopoulou A, Weiderpass E, Yang XR, Prentice RL, Feigelson HS, Canzian F, Kraft P. Interactions between breast cancer susceptibility loci and menopausal hormone therapy in relationship to breast cancer in the Breast and Prostate Cancer Cohort Consortium. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2016;155(3):531-540. PMID: 26802016.

Gerhard T, Raebel M, Penfold R, Xie D, McMahon AW, Workgroup Leaders, Subprojects 1 and 2. Metabolic Effects of Second Generation Antipsychotics in Youth, Subprojects 1, 2:Mini-Sentinel Metabolic Effects Second Generation Antipsychotics Youth Protocol; Mini-Sentinel Metabolic Effects Second Generation Antipsychotics Youth Protocol Addendum; Mini-Sentinel Metabolic Effects Second Generation Antipsychotics Youth Report; Mini-Sentinel Metabolic Effects Second Generation Antipsychotics Youth Report Addendum. 2016(January 12).Available from: https://www.sentinelinitiative.org/drugs/assessments/metabolic-effects-second-generation-antipsychotics-youth-subprojects-1-2-and-3

Gierach GL, Curtis RE, Pfeiffer RM, Mullooly M, Ntowe EA, Hoover RN, Nyante SJ, Feigelson HS, Glass AG, Berrington de Gonzalez A. Association of Adjuvant Tamoxifen and Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy With Contralateral Breast Cancer Risk Among US Women With Breast Cancer in a General Community Setting. JAMA Oncol. 2016;Oct 6 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27711920.

Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Jackson ML, Omer SB, Bednarczyk RA, Shoup JA, DeStefano F, Daley MF. White Paper on studying the safety of the childhood immunization schedule in the Vaccine Safety Datalink. Vaccine. 2016;34 Suppl 1:A1-A29. PMID: 26830300.

Gray CS, Mercer S, Palen T, McKinstry B, Hendry A. eHealth Advances in Support of People with Complex Care Needs: Case Examples from Canada, Scotland and the US. Healthc Q. 2016;19(2):29-37. 
PMID: 27700971.

Groom HC, Henninger ML, Smith N, Koppolu P, Cheetham TC, Glanz JM, Hambidge SJ, Jackson LA, Kharbanda EO, Klein NP, McCarthy NL, Nordin JD, Weintraub ES, Naleway AL. Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy: Influenza Seasons 2002-2012, Vaccine Safety Datalink. Am J Prev Med. 2016;50(4):480-488. PMID: 26526159.

Hansen C, Andrade SE, Freiman H, Dublin S, Haffenreffer K, Cooper WO, Cheetham TC, Toh S, Li DK, Raebel MA, Kuntz JL, Perrin N, Rosales AG, Carter S, Pawloski PA, Maloney EM, Graham DJ, Sahin L, Scott PE, Yap J, Davis R. Trimethoprim-sulfonamide use during the first trimester of pregnancy and the risk of congenital anomalies. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016;25(2):170-178. PMID: 26599424.

Jones WS, Patel MR, Tsai TT, Shetterly SM, Wagner NM, Magid DJ. Response to Letter to the Editor regarding "Anatomic runoff score predicts cardiovascular outcomes in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease undergoing revascularization". Am Heart J. 2016;171(1):e7. PMID: 26699610.

Kempe A, O'Leary ST, Shoup JA, Stokley S, Lockhart S, Furniss A, Dickinson LM, Barnard J, Daley MF. Parental Choice of Recall Method for HPV Vaccination: A Pragmatic Trial. Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):e20152857. PMID: 26921286.

Kharbanda EO, Vazquez-Benitez G, Lipkind HS, Klein NP, Cheetham TC, Naleway AL, Lee GM, Hambidge S, Jackson ML, Omer SB, McCarthy N, Nordin JD. Maternal Tdap vaccination: Coverage and acute safety outcomes in the vaccine safety datalink, 2007-2013. Vaccine. 2016;34(7):968-973. PMID: 26765288.

Koebnick C, Fischer H, Daley MF, Ferrara A, Horberg MA, Waitzfelder B, Young DR, Gould MK. Interacting effects of obesity, race, ethnicity and sex on the incidence and control of adult-onset asthma. Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2016;12:50. PMID: 27777591.

Lafata JE, Karter AJ, O'Connor PJ, Morris H, Schmittdiel JA, Ratliff S, Newton KM, Raebel MA, Pathak RD, Thomas A, Butler MG, Reynolds K, Waitzfelder B, Steiner JF. Medication Adherence Does Not Explain Black-White Differences in Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Control among Insured Patients with Diabetes. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31(2):188-195. PMID: 26282954.

Lewandowski RE, O'Connor B, Bertagnolli A, Beck A, Tinoco A, Gardner WP, Jelinek-Berents CX, Newton DA, Wain KF, Boggs JM, Brace NE, deSa P, Scholle SH, Hoagwood K, Horwitz SM. Screening for and Diagnosis of Depression Among Adolescents in a Large Health Maintenance Organization. Psychiatr Serv. 2016;67(6):636-641. PMID: 26876655.

Loeb DF, Bayliss EA, Candrian C, deGruy FV, Binswanger IA. Primary care providers' experiences caring for complex patients in primary care: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract. 2016;17(1):34. PMID: 27004838.

Maciejewski ML, Hammill BG, Bayliss EA, Ding L, Voils CI, Curtis LH, Wang V. Prescriber Continuity and Disease Control of Older Adults. Med Care. 2016. PMID: 27755393.

Madrid S, Tuzzio L, Stults CD, Wright LA, Napolitano G, Dillon E, Tabano H, Greene SM. Sharing experiences and expertise: the Health Care Systems Research Network workshop on patient engagement in research. J Patient Cent Res Rev. 2016;3:159-66. doi:10.17294/2330-0698.127

McCarthy AM, Kim JJ, Beaber EF, Zheng Y, Burnett-Hartman A, Chubak J, Ghai NR, McLerran D, Breen N, Conant EF, Geller BM, Green BB, Klabunde CN, Inrig S, Skinner CS, Quinn VP, Haas JS, Schnall M, Rutter CM, Barlow WE, Corley DA, Armstrong K, Doubeni CA, Prospr Consortium. Follow-Up of Abnormal Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening by Race/Ethnicity. Am J Prev Med. 2016;51(4):507-512. 
PMID: 27132628.

McCarthy NL, Gee J, Sukumaran L, Weintraub E, Duffy J, Kharbanda EO, Baxter R, Irving S, King J, Daley MF, Hechter R, McNeil MM. Vaccination and 30-Day Mortality Risk in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):e20152970. PMID: 26908690.

Menter AR, Carroll NM, Sakoda LC, Delate T, Hornbrook MC, Jain RK, Kushi LH, Quinn VP, Ritzwoller DP. Effect of Angiotensin System Inhibitors on Survival in Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. Clin Lung Cancer. 2016;Aug 20 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27637408.

Metz TD, Rovner P, Hoffman MC, Allshouse AA, Beckwith KM, Binswanger IA. Maternal Deaths From Suicide and Overdose in Colorado, 2004-2012. Obstet Gynecol. 2016. PMID: 27824771.

Mueller SR, Koester S, Glanz JM, Gardner EM. Attitudes Toward Naloxone Prescribing in Clinical Settings: A Qualitative Study of Patients Prescribed High Dose Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;Oct. 31 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27798775.

Naleway AL, Crane B, Smith N, Daley MF, Donahue J, Gee J, Greene SK, Harrington T, Jackson LA, Klein NP, Tseng HF, Vellozzi C, Weintraub ES, Vaccine Safety Datalink. Absence of venous thromboembolism risk following quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination, Vaccine Safety Datalink, 2008-2011. Vaccine. 2016;34(1):167-171. PMID: 26549361.

Paolino AR, McGlynn EA, Lieu T, Nelson AF, Prausnitz S, Horberg MA, Arterburn DE, Gould MK, Laws RL, Steiner JF. Building a Governance Strategy for CER: The Patient Outcomes Research to Advance Learning (PORTAL) Network Experience. EGEMS (Wash DC). 2016;4(2):1216. PMID: 27141524.

Parker ED, Sinaiko AR, Kharbanda EO, Margolis KL, Daley MF, Trower NK, Sherwood NE, Greenspan LC, Lo JC, Magid DJ, O'Connor PJ. Change in Weight Status and Development of Hypertension. Pediatrics. 2016;137(3):e20151662. PMID: 26908707.

Pathak RD, Schroeder EB, Seaquist ER, Zeng C, Lafata JE, Thomas A, Desai J, Waitzfelder B, Nichols GA, Lawrence JM, Karter AJ, Steiner JF, Segal J, O'Connor PJ, Supreme-DM Study Group. Severe Hypoglycemia Requiring Medical Intervention in a Large Cohort of Adults With Diabetes Receiving Care in U.S. Integrated Health Care Delivery Systems: 2005-2011. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(3):363-370. 
PMID: 26681726.

Patorno E, Gagne JJ, Lu CY, Haynes K, Sterrett AT, Roy J, Wang X, Raebel MA. The Role of Hemoglobin Laboratory Test Results for the Detection of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Outcomes Resulting from the Use of Medications in Observational Studies. Drug Saf. 2016;Nov 15 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27848201

Raebel MA, Schroeder EB, Goodrich G, Paolino AR, Donahoo WT, Fuller C, Bell C, Nichols GA, Schmittdiel J, Newton KM, Pawloski P, Shoaibi A. Mini-Sentinel Methods:Validating Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in the Mini-Sentinel Distributed Database using the Surveillance, Prevention, and Management of Diabetes Mellitus (SUPREME-DM) Datalink 2016; April 8.Available from: https://www.sentinelsystem.org/sites/default/files/Methods/Mini-Sentinel_Methods_Validating-Diabetes-Mellitus_MSDD_Using-SUPREME-DM-DataLink.pdf

Raebel MA, Shetterly S, Lu CY, Flory J, Gagne JJ, Harrell FE, Haynes K, Herrinton LJ, Patorno E, Popovic J, Selvan M, Shoaibi A, Wang X, Roy J. Methods for using clinical laboratory test results as baseline confounders in multi-site observational database studies when missing data are expected. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016;25(7):798-814. PMID: 27146273.


Raine-Bennett T, Tucker LY, Zaritsky E, Littell RD, Palen T, Neugebauer R, Axtell A, Schultze PM, Kronbach DW, Embry-Schubert J, Sundang A, Bischoff K, Compton-Phillips AL, Lentz SE. Occult Uterine Sarcoma and Leiomyosarcoma: Incidence of and Survival Associated With Morcellation. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;127(1):29-39. PMID: 26646120.

Rossom RC, Shortreed S, Coleman KJ, Beck A, Waitzfelder BE, Stewart C, Ahmedani BK, Zeber JE, Simon GE. Antidepressant Adherence across Diverse Populations and Healthcare Settings. Depress Anxiety. 2016;33(8):765-774. PMID: 27320786.

Rossom RC, Simon GE, Beck A, Ahmedani BK, Steinfeld B, Trangle M, Solberg L. Facilitating Action for Suicide Prevention by Learning Health Care Systems. Psychiatr Serv. 2016;67(8):830-832. 
PMID: 27032667.

Rossom RC, Solberg LI, Magnan S, Crain AL, Beck A, Coleman KJ, Katzelnick D, Williams MD, Neely C, Ohnsorg K, Whitebird R, Brandenfels E, Pollock B, Ferguson R, Williams S, Unutzer J. Impact of a national collaborative care initiative for patients with depression and diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Gen Hosp Psychiatry.2016 Aug 22 [epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27558106.

Rossom RC, Solberg LI, Vazquez-Benitez G, Crain AL, Beck A, Whitebird R, Glasgow RE. The effects of patient-centered depression care on patient satisfaction and depression remission. Fam Pract. 2016;33(6):649-655. PMID: 27535330.

Rossom RC, Solberg LI, Vazquez-Benitez G, Whitebird RR, Crain AL, Beck A, Unutzer J. Predictors of Poor Response to Depression Treatment in Primary Care. Psychiatr Serv. 2016;67(12):1362-1367.
PMID: 27417890.

Schmittdiel JA, Raebel MA. Access, quality, and cost. In: Fulda TR, Lyles A, Wertheimer AI, Eds. Pharmaceutical Public Policy.Chapter 4. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group; 2016.
Simon GE, Coleman KJ, Rossom RC, Beck A, Oliver M, Johnson E, Whiteside U, Operskalski B, Penfold RB, Shortreed SM, Rutter C. Risk of suicide attempt and suicide death following completion of the Patient Health Questionnaire depression module in community practice. J Clin Psychiatry. 2016;77(2):221-227. PMID: 26930521.

Steiner JF. Carrying My Father. J Gen Intern Med. 2016. PMID: 27943037.

Steiner JF. The Jigsaw Puzzle in the Lunchroom. Perm J. 2016;20(2):96-97. PMID: 26901272.

Steiner JF. Measuring adherence with medications: time is of the essence. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016;25(3):333-335. PMID: 26751032.

Steiner JF. Using Adherence Information to Improve Care: From Clinic Visits to Populations. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31(11):1272-1273. PMID: 27488969.

Steiner JF, Shainline MR, Bishop MC, Xu S. Reducing Missed Primary Care Appointments in a Learning Health System: Two Randomized Trials and Validation of a Predictive Model. Med Care. 2016;54(7):689-696. PMID: 27077277.

Swegal WC, Singer M, Peterson E, Feigelson HS, Kono SA, Snyder S, Melvin TA, Calzada G, Ghai NR, Saman DM, Chang SS. Socioeconomic Factors Affect Outcomes in Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;154(3):440-445. PMID: 26671905.

Vazquez-Benitez G, Kharbanda EO, Naleway AL, Lipkind H, Sukumaran L, McCarthy NL, Omer SB, Qian L, Xu S, Jackson ML, Vijayadev V, Klein NP, Nordin JD. Risk of Preterm or Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth After Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy: Caveats When Conducting Retrospective Observational Studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2016;184(3):176-186. PMID: 27449414.

Wallner LP, DiBello JR, Li BH, Van Den Eeden SK, Weinmann S, Ritzwoller DP, Abell JE, D'Agostino R, Jr., Loo RK, Aaronson DS, Richert-Boe K, Horwitz RI, Jacobsen SJ. 5-Alpha Reductase Inhibitors and the Risk of Prostate Cancer Mortality in Men Treated for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Mayo Clinic Proceedings.Published Online October 27, 2016. Available from:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.07.023.

Whitebird RR, Solberg LI, Crain AL, Rossom RC, Beck A, Neely C, Dreskin M, Coleman KJ. Clinician burnout and satisfaction with resources in caring for complex patients. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2017;44:91-95. PMID: 27432586.

Xu S, Shetterly S, Cook AJ, Raebel MA, Goonesekera S, Shoaibi A, Roy J, Fireman B. Evaluation of propensity scores, disease risk scores, and regression in confounder adjustment for the safety of emerging treatment with group sequential monitoring. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016;25(4):453-461.
PMID: 26875591.

Young DR, Waitzfelder BA, Arterburn D, Nichols GA, Ferrara A, Koebnick C, Yamamoto A, Daley MF, Sherwood NE, Horberg MA, Cromwell L, Lewis KH. The Patient Outcomes Research To Advance Learning (PORTAL) Network Adult Overweight and Obesity Cohort: Development and Description. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016;5(2):e87. PMID: 27307352.