Clennin M, Brown A, Lian M, Dowda M, Colabianchi N, Pate RR. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation Associated with Fat Mass and Weight Status in Youth. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(17):6421. Published 2020 Sep 3.
Greater neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation (SED) was consistently and significantly associated with higher fat mass index and increased likelihood of overweight/obesity among youth.
In summary, we conclude that neighborhood SED matters with respect to weight-related outcomes among youth. Greater deprivation was associated with higher FMI and increased likelihood of overweight/obesity among youth. It is notable that the relationship between neighborhood SED, fat mass, and weight status was consistent and robust even after controlling for MVPA, sedentary behavior, and diet quality. This suggests that there may be other pathways and mechanisms that account for this complex relationship. Based on the findings and limitations of the present study, additional research is needed to further disentangle these relationships. Given the strong and consistent association between neighborhood SED and multiple chronic health outcomes among adults, a better understanding of where and how this association emerges among younger populations is crucial to future public health efforts to address the growing burden of obesity and its related health outcomes.