Featured Publications


The Association between Opioid Discontinuation and Heroin Use: A Nested Case-Control Study


Binswanger IA, Glanz JM, Faul M, Shoup JA, Quintana LM, Lyden J, Xu S, Narwaney KJ. The Association between Opioid Discontinuation and Heroin Use: A Nested Case-Control Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 Aug 27;217:108248. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2020.108248. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32927194.

Conclusion:

Among patients prescribed chronic opioid therapy, the observed increased risk for heroin use associated with opioid discontinuation should be balanced with potential benefits.

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation Associated with Fat Mass and Weight Status in Youth.


Clennin M, Brown A, Lian M, Dowda M, Colabianchi N, Pate RR. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation Associated with Fat Mass and Weight Status in Youth. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(17):6421. Published 2020 Sep 3.

Conclusion:

Greater neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation (SED) was consistently and significantly associated with higher fat mass index and increased likelihood of overweight/obesity among youth.

In summary, we conclude that neighborhood SED matters with respect to weight-related outcomes among youth. Greater deprivation was associated with higher FMI and increased likelihood of overweight/obesity among youth. It is notable that the relationship between neighborhood SED, fat mass, and weight status was consistent and robust even after controlling for MVPA, sedentary behavior, and diet quality. This suggests that there may be other pathways and mechanisms that account for this complex relationship. Based on the findings and limitations of the present study, additional research is needed to further disentangle these relationships. Given the strong and consistent association between neighborhood SED and multiple chronic health outcomes among adults, a better understanding of where and how this association emerges among younger populations is crucial to future public health efforts to address the growing burden of obesity and its related health outcomes.

A mixed-methods analysis of barriers to and facilitators of human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents in Montana.


Newcomer SR, Caringi J, Jones B, Coyle E, Schehl T and Daley MF. A mixed-methods analysis of barriers to and facilitators of human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents in Montana. Public Health Rep. 2020, Sep 24:33354920954512.

Conclusion:

HPV vaccination rates have increased in Montana but remain lower than rates for other adolescent vaccines. Future work should focus on reducing missed opportunities, increasing parents' knowledge of and confidence in vaccination, and training medical providers on addressing common vaccine concerns.